Saturday, 31 October 2020 Sydney

Visit, Live & Invest in Lithgow::

Lithgow - A Profile

Located on the western ramparts of the Blue Mountains , 140 kilometres from Sydney , the Lithgow local government area totals 4551 square kilometres from the Capertee and Wolgan Valleys in the north, Little Hartley in the east, Tarana in the south and Meadow flat in the west.

The major urban centre of Lithgow nestles in a valley of that name, overlooked by the sandstone escarpments of the Blue Mountains . Until recently Lithgow was perceived to be an inland mining and industrial centre, however, recent developments have seen Lithgow recognised as an important tourism destination, heritage centre and a desirable residential area.

Two thirds of the City area is given over to World Heritage Listed National Park , making Lithgow an important leisure destination for Sydney residents.

Lithgow has unlimited opportunities for outdoor activities such as bushwalking, mountaineering, camping, orienteering, hang gliding, horse riding, off road 4WD, fishing, sailing and water skiing.

In addition to the major urban centre of Lithgow the city of Lithgow has 12 villages with mining or farming backgrounds. These smaller centres have proven to be attractive rural residential areas.


Lithgow’s population of 19,755 has been stable for a number of years and is expected to grow as Sydney expands westward. Census data for Lithgow indicates that the region has a slightly older than average population.


Lithgow has two major shopping centres ( Main Street and Valley Plaza ), with most villages having some retail outlets.


Lithgow has a cool temperate mountain climate with summer temperatures of 25ºc and winter temperatures of 12ºc. The annual rainfall is 863 millimetres falling on 123 rainy days.

MtPiperEconomic Base

The economic base of Lithgow has long been characterised by mining and manufacturing. Lithgow contains a range of important known and potential energy and industrial mineral resources including coal, coal seam gas and sand resources in the eastern portion of the LGA and limestone and related industrial mineral resources in the northeast and west, Metallic minerals (gold, copper and base metals) are also present within the western portion of the Lithgow region.


Lithgow has three pre-school kindergartens, ten primary schools and two high schools. There is an extensive Technical and Further Education campus in the city and Charles Sturt University is nearby.


Lithgow has two hospitals. The Lithgow District Hospital with 44 beds, Lithgow Private Hospital with 18 beds and a supporting hospital at Portland with 26 beds. Services offered include domiciliary nursing, general list community nursing, speech therapy, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, family planning, podiatry, dietary, audiology, drug and alcohol counselling and district x-ray, pathology and pharmacy services.


Lithgow hosts a timber industry worth $525 million in output, $226 million in gross regional product, $91 million in household income and almost 2000 full time equivalent jobs. The forests are not only a source of timber but provide a range of recreational vehicle activities.


The Lithgow regions agricultural activities include farming of sheep, cows, goats, chickens and alpaca’s.


Lithgow has a diverse tourism base. The region is rich in natural and cultural assets and is surrounded by World Heritage listed National Parks. Tourism is worth approximately $52 million to the local economy.

Fauna in the Lithgow Region.

CockatooSurrounded by World Heritage listed National Park, the area that surrounds Lithgow is home to a range of native fauna including:

  • Birds – the Capertee valley is world widely known for its bird population. The valley has the largest population of bird life per square kilometre than any other place in the Southern Hemisphere. The Capertee Valley is a bird watchers paradise. Bird life can be seen all over the Lithgow Valley . Species include cockatoos, parrots, owls, kookaburras, lyrebirds, magpies, currawongs and several different species of water birds.
  • Kangaroos, Wallabies and Wombats – throughout the valley several different species of Kangaroos and Wallabies can be seen, even in the streets of Lithgow itself. A drive through the National Park and you can be sure of seeing a few Eastern Grey Kangaroos and red necked Wallabies and common Wombats.
  • Koalas – Koalas are known to live in the Lithgow area. Look high into the tree tops and you may spot a Koala.
  • Reptiles – a wide variety of Snakes, Lizards and Frogs can be seen throughout the valley, particularly in the bush areas. Species include the Blue Tongue Lizard, Garden and Grass Skink, Water Dragon, Brown Snake, Tiger Snake and Red Bellied Black Snake and the Blue Mountains Tree Frog.
  • Possums – walk through the bush at night and you may discover a Ringtail or Brushtail Possum or even a glider

Protected Fauna

The Lithgow region is home to many protected and threatened species. Some of these species include:

  • Copperwing Butterfly – located throughout the Lithgow Valley , the Copperwing is a Threatened Species, Copper in colour the butterfly can be seen throughout the summer months.
  • Brush Tailed Rock Wallaby (Petrogal pencillata) – located on the rocky outcrops of Wollemi National Park , the wallaby is listed on the Endangered species list. If you sight a Brush Tailed Rock Wallaby contact National Parks on Tel: (02) 47878877.
  • Regent Honey Eater (Xanthomzya phrygia) a major breeding ground for the Regent Honey Eater is the Capertee Valley .
  • Tiger Quoll (Dasyurus maculatus) – a nocturnal marsupial, the Quoll is listed on the endangered species list and can be found around the valley.

Lithgow Quick Facts

Australia ’s Celebrated Living Legend Marjorie Jackson “The Lithgow Flash”

Marjorie Jackson, affectionately dubbed “The Lithgow Flash” was born in Coffs Harbour on the 13 th of September 1931 . The family moved to Lithgow where Marjorie trained under the watchful eye of Jim Monaghan. Running on a cinders track in the meagre glow of car headlights, Marjorie pitted herself against the bitterness of mountain winters as she trained.

Marjorie was the first Australian to win Olympic Gold for Track and Field Events since 1896. She was the first Australian woman to win a gold medal and the first Australian to be credited with a World Record.

After winning the Gold Medal at the Helsinki Olympic Games Marjorie returned to Lithgow to a hero’s welcome.

Marjorie divides her time between her charity work for the Peter Nelson Leukemia Foundation and SOCOG.

Lithgow – one of the sportiest towns in Australia .

Olympic Athletes, Trainers, Umpires, Coaches and Officials from Lithgow.

Marjorie Jackson Athletics 1952 Helsinki
Donald McDonnell Boxing 1952 Helsinki
Merv Emms Basketball 1956 Melbourne
Billy Holden Boxing 1956 Melbourne
Dennis Tipping Athletics 1960 Rome
Helen Frith Athletics 1960 Rome
  Athletics 1964 Tokyo
Barry Hill Basketball  
Billy Boyce Boxing  
Terry Mason Pentathlon 1972 Heidelburg
  Weightlifting 1976 Montreal
Robyn Bannerman Hockey 1982 Los Angeles
Spike Cheney Boxing 1988 Seoul
John Bolt Boxing 1988 Seoul
Rick Timperi Boxing 1992 Barcelona
  Boxing 1996 Atlanta
Doug Frost Swimming 2000 Sydney
Maurie Poole Table Tennis

2000 Sydney

Carol Poole Table Tennis 2000 Sydney

The Lithgow Workmen’s Club is the oldest registered club in Australia .

Mt Piper Power Station lights up Sydney . The power produced at Mt Piper Power Station in a day would light up 22 million light bulbs.

And a famous scientist too…. World renowned theorist Charles Darwin spent time in the Lithgow are studying lion ants and platypus.

The World’s LARGEST Canyon

The Capertee Valley in Lithgow is arguably the largest canyon in the world. The valley is home to more species of birds than anywhere else in the Southern Hemisphere.

Queen Elizabeth smells the roses.

Queen Elizabeth Park hosts 800 roses. Elizabeth herself smelt their perfume in 1954.

Lots a water

At Wallerawang Power Station one of the Stations water supplies, known as Thompson’s Creek Dam holds 27 Thousand Million litres, which is a one and a half years supply of water.

Hartley Historic Site hosts the first Courthouse west of the Blue Mountains . The tiny cell housed as many as 35 convicts at once.

Coal – an export asset

Many thousands of tonnes of coal leave Lithgow bound for export markets.

Local Power Stations use coal at the rate of 15 thousand and 9500 tonnes of coal each day. This is a boost to the local coal mining industry.

World Renowned Engineering feats

The world renowned Zig Zag Railway is a tourist attraction showcasing the skill of engineers whose workers eeked out tunnels with hand tools, horses and carts. The train trip steams over three magnificent sandstone viaducts.

At Mt Piper Power Station 44 million litres of steam is lost in a day, which creates a great visual vapour spectacle especially in winter.

Eskbank House is the oldest house still standing in the valley.

A Lithgow Miner becomes Prime Minister

One of Australia ’s early Prime Ministers, Joseph Cook came from Lithgow and became Australia ’s 6 th Prime Minister.

Lithgow was the birthplace of the iron and steel industry in Australia .

The Small Arms Factory opened in 1912 to manufacture firearms for the first World War and all hostilities after it.

The Old Lithgow Pottery provided the city of Sydney with sewerage pipes and chimney pots from local clay. Domestic pottery made later is now very highly prized.

The smell of orange Tic Tacs filters across Lithgow

Ferrero Limited has for 24 years manufactured famous Tic Tacs and Nutella for the Australian, New Zealand and Asian markets.

State Mine provided coal for the original Lithgow power House and the NSW Government Rail-way.

Every hour at Mt Piper Station 2 million litres of water circulates through each boiler, turning to steam and back towater again.

A ghost awaits

At Hartley Vale’s Comet Inn, 23 year Amy awaits the return of her husband. Amy is a mischievous ghost blowing out candles and turning off lights, particularly on honeymooners.

People Power

Harold Coates, OBE, remains one of Lithgow’s respected icons. His 40 year old of dedication to local government and being founder of Cooinda Aged People Carers Home (President for 39 years) as well as his continuos activities in the Masons for 66 years (including being elected one of only 28 Grandmasters ever) are not as important he says as are his wife and family along with his lifetime in the local Timber and Hardware business.